The Readability Level of Arabic Textbook “Silsilah Fī Ta’līm al-Lughah al-‘Arabiyyah”

Puti Zulharby, Ahmad Marzuq, Aziz Ritonga

Abstract


The purpose of this study was to know the readability level of textbook "Silsilah Fī Ta’līm al-Lughah al-‘Arabiyyah: Al-Mustawā Ats-Tsāniy, Al-Qirā`ah", and factors  affecting readability level in terms of word class tendencies and linguistic findings. This study also analyzed the level of reading ability of first-semester Arabic students at Universitas Negeri Jakarta and the types of texts recommended for use or further development by other researchers. This research was carried out using descriptive qualitative methods, and data were collected from 83 students who enrolled in the Qirā`ah course. Readability analysis techniques using the Cloze Procedure Test. The research showed that the readability of textbooks was 46% at the frustration level and 29% at the moderate level. The tendency of the word class to make errors generally occur in 1) 27% of perfect verbs, 2) 24% of nouns, 3) 16% of imperfect verbs. Other factors are 1) Reader Factor: about 43% of students in the Arabic Language Education Department come  from general/vocational high schools, 35% from Islamic high school, and only 22% from Islamic boarding schools; 2) Reading Factor: the textbooks writers from native Arabic speakers generally rely on their experience and culture in presenting the text regardless of readers ability as foreign speakers. 3) Book Factor: this book lacks vocabulary and illustrations in the form of pictures, so that it was less helpful in independent understanding.

Keywords


Readability Level of Textbook; Arabic Reading Skills; Word Class Tendencies

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al-Tamimi, A.-K., Jaradat, M., Aljarrah, N., & Ghanim, S. (2014). AARI : Automatic Arabic Readability Index. The International Arab Journal of Information Technology, 11(4), 370–378.

Albadi, N. M., O’toole, J. M., & Harkins, J. (2017). Reading Difficulty and Language Features in an Arabic Physics Text. In Electronic Journal of Science Education (Vol. 21). Retrieved from http://ejse.southwestern.edu

Amanah, L. (2010). Gender dalam nomina bahasa arab. Sosiohumaniora, 12(2), 191–202. https://doi.org/10.31219/osf.io/ctnvu

Andriana, W. (2012). Analisis Keterbacaan Teks Buku Pelajaran: Studi Kasus untuk Teks Bahasa Indonesia, IPA dan IPS. Universitas Indonesia.

Cunningham, J. W., & Tierney, R. J. (1979). Evaluating Cloze as a Measure of Learning from Reading. Journal of Reading Behavior, 9(3), 287–292.

Dajani, B. A. S., Mubaideen, S., & Omari, F. M. A. (2014). Difficulties of learning Arabic for non-native speakers. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 114, 919–926. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.12.808

Daud, N. M., Hassan, H., & Aziz, N. A. (2013). A Corpus-Based Readability Formula for Estimate of Arabic Texts Reading Difficulty Kulliyyah of Languages and Management Kulliyyah of Islamic Revealed Knowledge and Human Sciences Kulliyyah of Information and Communication Technology ,. World Applied Sciences Journal 21, 21, 168–173. https://doi.org/10.5829/idosi.wasj.2013.21.sltl.2151

Erlina, E. (2018). Pengembangan Bahan Ajar Qira’Ah Terpadu Bagi Mahasiswa Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa Arab. Jurnal Al Bayan: Jurnal Jurusan Pendidikan Bahasa Arab, 9(2). https://doi.org/10.24042/albayan.v9i2.2242

Ghani, K. bin A. (2010). Kebolehbacaan buku teks bahasa Arab tinggi Tingkatan Empat Sekolah Menengah Kebangsaan Agama. Retrieved from http://malrep.uum.edu.my/rep/Record/my.um.stud.1692

Halim, Z. A., Alias, M. H. Y., Othman, M. A., Suhane, S. H. M., & Salleh, A. W. (2017). The Readability of Arabic Texts in Malaysia: A Need for a Suitable Measurement Instrument. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 7(6). https://doi.org/10.6007/IJARBSS/v7-i6/3199

Hassan, B. (2002). Language testing : the construction and validation. Kuala Lumpur: University of Malaya Press.

Herman, P., Perkins, K., Hansen, M., Gomez, L. M., & Gomez, K. (2010). The effectiveness of reading comprehension strategies in high school science classrooms. Learning in the Disciplines: ICLS 2010 Conference Proceedings - 9th International Conference of the Learning Sciences, 1(February 2017), 857–864.

KN, Y., Made, S., & Nengah, M. (2013). Kecermatan Forrmula Flesch, Fox Index, Grafik Fry, SMOG, dan BI sebagai Penentu Keefektifan Teks di Program Studi Pendidikan Bahasa dan Sastra Indonesia. E-Journal Program Pascasarjana Universitas Pendidikan Ganesha, 2(1).

Nassiri, N., Lakhouaja, A., & Cavalli-Sforza, V. (2018). Arabic readability assessment for foreign language learners. Lecture Notes in Computer Science (Including Subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics), 10859 LNCS, 480–488. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-91947-8_49

O’Toole, J. M., & King, R. A. R. (2011). Reading by the numbers: Reconsidering numerical estimates of reading difficulty. International Journal of Learning, 17(10), 181–194. https://doi.org/10.18848/1447-9494/cgp/v17i10/47314

Salah, S. M. (2008). The relationship between vocabulary knowledge and reading comprehension of authentic Arabic texts. Retrieved from http://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2826&context=etd

Tawfiq, S., & Al-khaza, J. (2021). The level of readability of the functional Arabic book for non-native speakers At Al al-Bayt University. Journal of Educational and Psychological Sciences, 75(5), 75–90.

Toiemah, R. A. (1978). The use of Cloze to measure the proficiency of students of Arabic as a second language in some universities in the United States (University of Minnesota: Dissertation Abstract International). Retrieved from https://www.worldcat.org/title/use-of-cloze-to-measure-the-proficiency-of-students-of-arabic-as-a-second-language-in-some-universities-in-the-united-states/oclc/23440395

Widyaningsih, N., & Zuchdi, D. (2015). Uji Keterbacaan Wacana Pada Buku Teks Bahasa Indonesia Kelas V Sd Negeri Di Kecamatan Wonogiri. LingTera, 2(2), 144. https://doi.org/10.21831/lt.v2i2.7373

Yunus, K. R. M. (1987). Formula kebolehbacaan: satu cara objektif untuk menentukan tahap kebolehbacaan bahan-bahan bacaan. Jurnal Dewan Bahasa, 4, 274–288.




DOI: https://doi.org/10.18326/lisania.v5i2.144-168

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2021 Puti Zulharby

View My Stats

 

Flag Counter

Indexed by

 

                   

              

                   

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.